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Common Aquarium Fish Diseases

Swim Bladder Disease causes the classic upside down goldfish. Get a treatment specifically for Swim Bladder Disease from your aquarium supplier or swelluk.com.

  All aquarium fish are susceptible to disease, and unfortunately once it takes hold it can be difficult to shift. Most diseases are bacterial, fungal or parasitic, and are often initiated when fish are stressed, maybe due to an incorrect pH balance or lack of maintenance. Recognising the symptoms of disease and acting accordingly can save precious time and ultimately ...

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Lowering Aquarium pH – the Most Effective Methods

lowering aquarium ph, catappa leeaves peat filtering coco leaves

Why lower aquarium pH? It may not have escaped your notice that many of the fish we keep in our aquariums prefer soft, acidic water to thrive. Whilst tank-bred specimens of fish that inhabit soft and acidic waters are often happy in pH-neutral water with moderate hardness, soft, acidic water is preferable and absolutely essential for many breeding projects. Some ...

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Making a DIY Slate Aquarium Background

diy slate aquarium background

After having seen the robust quality exhibited by some of the Welsh slate products from Fennstones.co.uk, I saw a range of great potential for this material. Slate has many great properties that make it stand out from other rocks and it lends itself to aquarium use too. One particular quality that I wanted to exploit is the fact that it ...

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Stress in Fish

stress in fish

What is Stress Stress in fish should be taken seriously because it is real and it has many causes most of which may go unnoticed by aquarist especially when new to the hobby. When a fish encounters an unfavourable stimulus which are likely to adversely affect the fish it reacts in a to protect itself. Such unfavourable stimuli are referred ...

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Second hand aquarium equipment – what you need to know

second hand aquarium equipment

A popular online auction website, or for those who don’t have to abide by product placement rules, Ebay, is full of second hand aquarium supplies and it’s not the only website offering users previously used fishkeeping gear at knock-down prices. Depending on your local area, classified and auction websites as well as fishkeeping forums can add their names to this ...

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Binomial nomenclature

Melanochromis auratus

Introduction What is Binomial nomenclature? Everyone will be familiar with scientific names which are used for all living things. Every species is given two names, the first name is the Genus and the second name is the species. The genus name is written first and begins with a capital letter, all the other letters are lower case. The species name ...

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Stocking an aquarium

stocking an aquarium

Introduction There are many ‘rules’ when it comes to stocking an aquarium but none of them fit all cases. This leads to poor stocking and problems, so why is it such a problem and why isn’t there a more helpful and accurate rule when it comes to stocking an aquarium? Unfortunately there can never be such a rule because there ...

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Why Make Partial Water Changes?

aquarium water change

It is often stressed that making regular partial water changes is absolutely essential for the well being of the fish and plants. At its most basic level water changes will freshen up the environment for the fish and plants – imagine living in a small room with no ventilation and having to live there 24 hrs per day. This includes ...

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Can You Trust Your Tap Water?


Tapwater is tapwater, right? I mean, surely it must be the same one day to the next? Unfortunately, there are numerous reasons for variations in tapwater parameters and the cunning aquarist must be able to not only detect these changes but also react to them to ensure stable water for their fish.   Photo Creative Commons: Anita Martinz Does tapwater ...

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Research Before You Buy – What You’re looking for


The expression “research before you buy” is thrown around the fishkeeping hobby like a hot potato but this one’s no myth – it’s a fundamental commandment of fishkeeping. But what exactly are you looking for and what exactly are you supposed to be researching? Tank size and décor You need to know how big a tank you’ll need to keep ...

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