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Adding Some Christmas Spirit to Your Marine Tank

Candy Cane Coral (2)

With the holiday season almost upon us, the lights are up, the tree is decorated and your mind is probably anywhere but on the aquatic world. However, the Christmas spirit hasn’t been lost on the marine world either, as there are a number of appropriately festive named species that dwell beneath the waves, many of which are suitable for the ...

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The Lure of the Lionfish


A highly invasive scourge threatening the natural balance of a reef’s ecosystem or the ever adapting king of the reef? Both are applicable to the Volitans lionfish, a member of the Scorpaenidae family originating from the Indo-Pacific but rapidly making themselves at home along the Atlantic coastline. Their introduction, although unconfirmed, is likely to stem from the aquarium trade and ...

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Breeding Pygmy Corydoras

pygmy corydoras

Small, attractive and immoderately charming, the Pygmy Corydoras is a fantastic aquarium fish. With its relative ease of care and intriguing behaviour, Corydoras pygmaeus makes an interesting breeding project for both the relatively inexperienced and consummate expert alike. At only 3cm or so, the Pygmy Cory is one of the smallest aquarium fish, requiring relatively little space; A 10-gallon aquarium ...

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A Fish out of Water – Aquatic Species that can Live out of Water


A recent video and a subsequent report in the Journal of Fish Biology showed an African tigerfish (Hydrocynus vittatus) leaping clear of the water to catch a migrating swallow on the wing. This was the first time this remarkable behaviour had been captured on film and was the first confirmed example of a freshwater fish preying on a bird in ...

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The Giraffe Catfish – A Tall Order to Keep

giraffe catfish Auchenoglanis Occidentalis

Giraffe Catfish, Auchenoglanis occidentalis, are African Catfish found all over Africa in rivers like the Nile and lakes such as Lake Chad. They do however enjoy a spot of growing, such that they can become a nightmare for unwitting aquarists, as Ash Ward explains. In The Trade And Problems within established community aquariums Giraffe catfish are often found within the ...

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The Genus Steatocranus


Introduction Steatocranus are an interesting group of fishes from a small genus comprising of nine species of rheophilic (living in flowing water) African cichlids. This genus is a personal favourite of mine ever since seeing my first photo of Steatocranus casuarius many years ago. All Steatocranus have reduced swim bladders which helps them to sink to the bottom and shelter ...

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Breeding Aquarium Fishes, Part 1 Livebearers

female guppy livebearer

Introduction Some of the more popular Livebearers which we are all very familiar with and which most of us kept in our first community aquarium are without doubt the easiest of fishes to breed in captivity. Many of the people reading this will have switched the light of their aquarium on in the morning and found a brood of tiny ...

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How to Sex Rams

sexing ram cichlids

The German Blue Ram is a popular and colourful dwarf cichlid.  It has undergone color and body morphs resulting in new ram varieties.  Their scientific name is Mikrogeophagus ramirezi.  They were named after Manuel Ramirez, one of the first collectors and importers of German Blue Ram for the aquarium trade. However like their wild cousins, tank raised rams can thrive ...

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Know Your Rummy Nose Tetra

rummy noe tetra

At its best, the rummy nose tetra is a stunning fish with unusual colouration and a very popular choice in stylish aquascapes and Amazon setups. Unfortunately, the rummy nose tetra is one of those fish that really cannot adapt to neutral pH and moderately hard water and so expert care is required.   Recreating their natural habitat Rummy nose tetra, ...

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Can I Keep Bamboo Shrimp?

bamboo shrimp

Looking at these shrimp you can’t help but think how cool they look. Of course, that’s no premise to buying livestock for your aquarium, especially creatures as delicate as shrimp, but they certainly warrant further investigation.   Scientifically known as Atyopsis moluccensis, fan shrimp, wood shrimp and filter shrimp can add themselves to its list of common names. As the ...

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