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Hamza Poonawalla’s Central American Biotope

This Central American biotope, created by Hamza Poonawalla, contains just two species, the Firemouth cichlid, Thorichthys meeki, and Green swordtails, Xiphophorus hellerii. Both of these species are found in Guatemala and Belize. They are both used to habitats with a good amount of marginal vegetation and enjoy a sandy substrate.

central american biotope

Hamza Poonawalla’s Central American biotope looks great and provides a fantastic environment for these two species. The décor is easy to set up and no expensive specialist equipment is required for growing fussy plants. His Firemouth cichlids couldn’t look any happier than they are swimming through the tangled driftwood above a substrate of sand, rocks and gravel.

Before looking at these two species and how to set up a Central American biotope to keep them in, let’s take a look at Hamza Poonwalla’s tank setup:

trading station ii indicators Tank: 36 x 20 x 20 inches (50 gal volume)

trading binario deposito basso Lighting: A mix of different fluorescent tubes with colour varying between yellow and warm whites.

Köpa Inderal utan recept Filtration: Eheim 2217 (1000 litres per hour)

http://mthoodpress.com/?vasilisa=Stock-broker-fee-comparison&e0e=19 Stock broker fee comparison Maintenance: Water change twice a week, gravel vacuum and glass cleaned once a week.

ورقة بحثية دورية أربح المال من اليوتيوب Fish: 5 sub-adult T. meeki and Green swordtails (2 males, 7 females)

Setting up a Central American Biotope

Let’s take a look at how you could set up a similar tank at home

firemouth cichlid

Tank and stocking

A tank of 100 litres or more will suffice for a pair of T. meeki, however the bigger the better. Swordtails are relatively small but do best with ample swimming space so consider a tank at least 3 foot (90cm) in length, similar to Hamza’s tank. Light stocking can be useful with livebearers in case they overwhelm you with fry, however this won’t be a problem for Hamza as his Firemouths should gobble them up.

Be careful to add swordtails that are large enough to avoid predation by the firemouths as juveniles may be eaten.

Water parameters and Filtration

It is important not to assume that these parameters are suitable for all Central American biotopes; they are suited to the two species kept in Hamza’s tank.

Temperature should fall between 22° and 27°C and remain stable. A neutral pH of 7 suits both of these species. Firemouth cichlids are known to tolerate a fairly wide range of pH, however neutral to slightly acidic water is best. Many livebearers enjoy neutral to hard water, swordtails being no different, so aim for a pH of 7 which coincides with the requirements of both species. Aim for 10 to 15° hardness.

Filtration should be capable of keeping the water healthy however it need not be too powerful. Both of these fish inhabit fairly slow-moving waters meaning a good choice of filter would have a large media capacity without turning over too much water per hour. This is true of the Eheim 2217 that Hamza chose, which boasts a 6 litre filter media volume and pumps a maximum of 1000 litres per hour, four times the volume of Hamza’s tank. Having said that, firemouths are relatively hardy fish that can tolerate fairly fast flow.

Planting and décor

Both of these species inhabit areas dense in marginal vegetation and it is good to provide some natural décor for them. You could replicate this marginal vegetation using some marginal plants, often sold for ponds, however these will need to be held above the substrate, as many won’t tolerate being planted 2 feet underwater. If you don’t want to faff around making fittings to hold your marginal plants up, driftwood recreates a heavily rooted river bank in a fraction of the time. Floating plants are appreciated by fish, not only as a spawning medium, but also due to the cover they provide and the light they block out. Any plants should be sturdy and well rooted.
Firemouth cichlids like to hide amongst rocks and large stones.

Firemouth cichlid (Thorichthys meeki)Firemouth Cichlid

Köp Strattera på nätet Borlänge (Borlänge Air Base) Scientific name: Thorichthys meeki

http://thegobblersknob.com/?savikshyster=indicadores-de-comercio-exterior-de-chile&b37=6b indicadores de comercio exterior de chile Temperature: 22 to 27°C

binär optionen comdirect pH: 6 – 7

anna sante auto opzioni binarie Hardness: 5° – 15°

كتابة الأعداد بالحروف Tank size: 30 gallons for one pair

http://refinedprose.com/?vektos=%D8%AA%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%85%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%AF%D8%A9 تداول الخيارات الثنائية في ولايات متحدة Maximum size: 7 inches, although normally around 5 inches for males and 4 inches for females.

piattaforma opzioni binarie Feeding: most accept cichlid flakes and love live and frozen foods. Some vegetable matter is important

alfred the great research paper Temperament: can be aggressive, especially when breeding. Not suitable for general community tank.

http://www.ivst-vz.de/?debin=stockpair-bewertung stockpair bewertung Sexual dimorphism: Males are more colourful and have pointed anal and dorsal fins. Females have rounded fins.

موقع كتابه على الصور Breeding: not difficult and T. meeki exhibit parental care. They can lay up to 500 eggs.

 

Swordtailswordtail, central american biotope

http://steinbierkeller.com/?veselo=consob-broker-opzioni-binarie consob broker opzioni binarie Scientific name: Xiphophorus hellerii

Temperature: 20 to 28°C

pH: 7 – 8

Hardness: 10° – 30°

Tank size: 20 gallons

Maximum size: 4.5 inches

Feeding: omnivorous, will accept flakes.

Temperament: can be kept with active species in a community tank.

Sexual dimorphism: Males possess the characteristic caudal fin extension whereas females do not. Males also have a gonopodium.

Breeding: very easy to breed, sometimes very difficult to prevent breeding.

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