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Tom Austin’s River Uruguay biotope

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http://fysiotopics.nl/old/wp-admin/ binäre optionen 60 sek strategie Tom Austin uses décor collected in his local area to create a fantastic slice of the Uruguay River in which he houses Eartheaters and Redflank Bloodfin. Running a length of over 1800 kilometres through Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, the Rio Uruguay plays host to multiple species of fish. Tom has chosen three of these species for his Rio Uruguay biotope, namely Gymnogeophagus meridionallis, Gymnogeophagus balzanii and Aphyocharax rathbuni.

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binary options switzerland Who says a biotope can’t look clean, refined and elegant? Tom Austin’s effort, as you can see above, combines all three of those qualities whilst also providing a fantastic environment for his fish. The use of different natural décor materials turns this River Uruguay biotope into an aquarium fit for the most stylish of surroundings. Everything is well cleaned and the plants appear healthy and vibrant. Good shelter is provided by the bogwood with small twigs and leaf litter adding those finishing touches. Open spaces towards the rear of the tank provide some open surface in which the eartheaters can search for food.

Tank specifications

http://chrissteakhousenc.com/?strays=opzioni-binarie-bonus-benvenuto&8c2=d1 opzioni binarie bonus benvenuto Tom Austin’s Uruguay River biotope tank holds 240 litres of water and has a pH of 6.5, total dissolved solids of 230, carbonate hardness of 4° and general hardness is 89.5ppm. Tom mimics nature by keeping the temperature at 24°C for 8 months of the year before dropping it to 15°C for the winter months.

Filtration, heating and lighting

http://traffic-dealer.de/?kruwa=binäre-optionen-handelsplattformen binäre optionen handelsplattformen Water should be free from ammonia and nitrite and well oxygenated. Gymnogeophagus can produce a lot of waste placing emphasis on a decent volume of filter media and turnover rate. A spray bar helps keep water oxygenated. Tom uses two Eheim Professional 3 250 external filters for his Uruguay River biotope and has one set up to provide mechanical filtration and the other biological filtration.

trading opzioni binarie virtuale The heater is a Hydor external heater. It is often worth getting two heaters in order to keep temperatures stable in the event of malfunction or failure.

iq optionj Lighting is provided by two LED tubes which give a nice ripple effect on the substrate. There is no need to provide high levels of lighting, in fact, it is better to ensure there are some shady areas such a setup.

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Planting

http://irinakirilenko.com/?deribaska=bin%C3%A4r-optionen-ebook&6dd=3e binär optionen ebook It is best to chose sturdy plants that won’t be uprooted or destroyed by the Gymnogeophagus. Tom Austin has chosen Echinodorus uruguayensis and Echinodorus parviflorus tropica for his River Uruguay biotope which are both good strong plants that require relatively little light to survive.

Décor

www bancdebinary com A sandy substrate is an absolute must in this type of setup and essential for any tank containing Gymnogeophagus. Shelter should be provided and is a useful addition if you are trying to breed these fish. Man-made shelters are easy to get hold of but a decent piece of driftwood will also do the job. Natural décor is also more appropriate for a River Uruguay biotope than a resin-cast hut.

trucchi con il forex Tom has used Unipac silver sand and various items stones collected in his local area in addition to some redmoor root.

The winter period

köpa viagra 200 mg utan recept Keeping Gymnogeophagus in warm water for lengthy periods can cause their colour to fade; it is a common practice to lower the temperature for three to four months to somewhere between 18° and 20°C, although some people, like Tom Austin, choose to lower their temperatures even further. This recreates the conditions they are naturally accustomed to and it is believed that this practice also extends their lifespan. It is however important to ensure that any tankmates are able to withstand the lower temperatures and essential that the temperature is lowered slowly. Lowering the temperature of a tank below 20°C may require the use of an aquarium cooler. Do not leave an aquarium with neither heater nor cooler in the hope that the ambient room temperature will take care of things for you – it won’t.

Gymnogeophagus balzanii

opzioni binarie funzionano davvero Whilst not the most colourful of South American Cichlids, Gymnogeophagus balzanii has a peculiar shape, such that it appears to have repeatedly head-butted its own tank. The technical term for this protrusion is a nuchal hump. Males have a particularly pronounced forehead which develops as they mature along with their blue spots.

guida alle opzioni binarie Also known as the Paraguay Eartheater, males of this species can grow to 8 inches whilst females reach little under 6 inches standard length. A tank of 200 litres or more is recommended for housing this species which should be kept with at least two females per male to prevent unnecessary harassment. Top dwelling characins are a good choice of tankmate.

amibroker trading system G. balzanii should be fed on foods that sink as they like to sift sand in their mouths in search of food particles. Some vegetable matter should be included in their diets such as blanched spinach.

z2 Providing good water conditions and feeding prevail, you may witness this species spawning in an aquarium, especially where suitable cover is provided. The male’s courting efforts should become noticeable and females may darken in colour. Males move into the females’ territories just before spawning occurs and up to 500 eggs can be released by the fames in any one brood. Males play no subsequent role in raising the fry after having fertilised the eggs whilst females attend to the eggs as they hatch, keeping them in their mouths for a week or so after they hatch. They continue to provide parental care for a few weeks and it is normal for females to stop feeding during the mouthbrooding stage.

Gymnogeophagus meridionallis

Buy Tastylia Online No Prescription Needed Smaller than G. balzanii, G meridionallis grows to approximately 4 inches and also does well when provided with a period of cooler temperature.

Gymnogeophagus meridionallis

Both the male and female of this species guard the eggs for several days following spawning. After this time, they spit the fry into a hollow that they have prepared and some aggression between males and females can be observed during this phase. Females guard the fry against predation for a few weeks and will consequently become more aggressive.

A colourful fish when kept in good conditions, they are also fairly active. Some aggression can occur during spawning making it even more important to choose tankmates well and provide suitable shelter. a River Uruguay biotope like Tom’s is the perfect home for this species.

Aphyocharax rathbuni

Known also as the Redflank Bloodfin, Aphyocharax rathbuni grows just shy of two inches. It can accepts a fairly wide range of temperatures (20° to 26°C) and is happy in water between pH 6.5 and 7.5. A. rathbuni prefers to be kept in groups and has been known to nip fins.

Feeding this species isn’t challenging as they accept a wide range of foods. Should you wish to breed this species, a variety of live and frozen foods should be offered. As far as décor is concerned, the Redflank Bloodfin enjoys sandy substrates and good levels of planting.

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